Table 2

Number of Falls during the 4-year follow-up according to the Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population

Variable n (%)

No fall (n = 3670)

One fall (n = 1291)

≥ 2 falls

(n = 1382)

crude p-value


Women

1922 (52)

833 (65)

987 (71)

<.001

Age (years)

<75

2364 (64)

733 (57)

707 (51)

<.001

75–79

886 (24)

364 (28)

419 (30)

≥80

420 (12)

194 (15)

256 (19)

Living alone

1107 (30)

494 (38)

574 (41)

<.001

Years of schooling

≤5

1204 (33)

420 (33)

474 (34)

.86

6–9

1086 (30)

378 (29)

400 (29)

10–12

479 (13)

183 (14)

185 (14)

≥13

901 (24)

308 (24)

322 (23)

Body Mass Index

<25

1701 (46)

641 (50)

648 (48)

.09

25–29

1489 (41)

478 (37)

524 (38)

≥30

464 (13)

166 (13)

196 (14)

Depressive symptoms*

369 (10)

176 (14)

201 (15)

<.001

MMSE ≥ 28†

2117 (58)

748 (58)

762 (55)

.24

Impaired mobility‡

1351 (37)

579 (46)

724 (53)

<.001

Diurnal drowsiness

554 (16)

206 (17)

259 (21)

.001

Number of drugs used ≥ 5 §

1140 (31)

459 (36)

573 (41)

<.001

At least one inappropriate medication

1092 (30)

408 (32)

504 (36)

<.001


* Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale: women scoring over 22 and men scoring over 16 were considered to have depressive symptoms.

† Mini Mental State Examination score.

‡ Participants were classified as having impaired mobility if they were dependant for at least one activity of the Rosow and Breslau scale.

§Inappropriate medications excluded

Berdot et al. BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:30   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-9-30

Open Data