Table 1

Characteristics of 12 Data Sources Included in Meta-Analysis of Predictors of Nursing Home Admission.

Data Source

Sampling Frame

Sample Size

Data Collection

Duration of Follow-Up

Number of Nursing Home Admissions/Rate

Predictor Variables Available


Study of Assets and Health Dynamics of the Oldest Old (AHEAD)

National panel study, 70 years of age and over in U.S.

Up to 8,222

Baseline face-to-face interviews, telephone follow-ups every other year with respondent or proxy

Up to 7 years (1993–2000)

Up to 1135/

Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources

Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-East Boston (EPESE-EB)

All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in East Boston, Massachusetts enumerated via community census

3,545

In-person and telephone interview with respondent and/or proxy

1982–1985

142

Demographic characteristics, social and physical functioning, chronic Conditions, related health problems, self-reported Service use, depression

Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-Iowa (EPESE-IOWA)

All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in Washington and Iowa counties, enumerated via all Area Agencies on Aging and local informants

Up to 3,097

"

Up to 4 years (1982–1986)

Up to 369

"

Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-New Haven (EPESE-NH)

All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in New Haven, Connecticut enumerated via stratified random sample of household clusters

Up to 2,812

"

Up to 9 years (1982–1991)

Up to 935

"

Government Accounting Organization-Cleveland Study (GAO)

Older adults, 65 years and age and over and living independently, were randomly selected in Cleveland, OH

1,598

In-person interviews with respondent or proxy

1975–1984

406

Sociodemographics, mental health, physical health, disability, available informal support

Longitudinal Study on Aging (LSOA)

All civilian non-institutionalized persons in the U.S. 70 years of age and over in 1984

Up to 7,541

In-person interviews at baseline, telephone interviews at each 2-year follow-up with respondent or proxy

Up to 6 years (1984–1990)

Up to 1100

Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources

National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS)

Random sample from Medicare enrollment files, 65 years of age and over in U.S. with any ADL or IADL dependency

Up to 5,851

In-person interviews with older respondent and/or proxy

1982–1984

Up to 911

Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources

Medicare Survey

People living in the community during the 1977 Current Medicare Survey

4400

Interviews with respondents initially and one year later

1977–1978

127

Sociodemographics, payment source, functional status, perceived health status, service use and physician contact

Massachusetts Elder Health Project

A geographically stratified random sample of disabled elders living in Eastern Massachusetts

Up to 586

In-person and telephone interviews with respondent or proxy

Up to 6 years (1984/85–1991)

Up to 143

Informal and formal community care, caregiving burden, sociodemographics, physical disability

Massachusetts Health Care Panel Study (MHCPS)

Statewide (Massachusetts) probability sample of non-institutionalized adults 65 years of age and over

1625

In-person interviews at baseline and first follow-up a year later; mailed surveys every 4 years thereafter

Up to 10 years (1974/75–1984/85)

Up to 148

Demographics, social characteristics, functional disabilities, attitudinal variables

Medicare Health Outcomes Study (MHOS)

Random sample of Medicare+Choice (Medicare managed care) enrollees over the age of 64 who were not institutionalized

137,632

Mail survey and telephone follow-up of non-respondents on an annual basis

1998–2000

11,220

Quality of life/psychosocial status, self-reported symptoms and diagnoses, functional disability, sociodemographics

Monogohela Valley Independent Elders Survey (MoVIES)

Participants 65 years of age and over, with 6th grade or greater education, and living in the community were selected from voter registration lists in 23 communities in southwestern Pennsylvania

1147

Clinical assessments and in-person interviews in respondents' homes annually

1987–2001

156

Sociodemographics, functional and cognitive impairment, medication usage, depression


NOTE: ADL = activities of daily living; IADL = instrumental activities of daily living

Gaugler et al. BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:13   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-7-13

Open Data