Table 1

Gastrointestinal complaints with scoring
Variables Grading Bowel function Constipation Diarrhoea
Stool frequency ≤1 stool per week 2 3 0
1-2 stools per week 1 2 0
3-6 stools per week 0 1 0
1 stool daily 0 0 0
2-3 stools daily 0 0 1
4-5 stools daily 1 0 2
≥6 stools daily 2 0 3
Stool consistency: “Bristol Stool Form Scale” 1. Separate hard lumps, like nuts 2 2 0
2. Sausage-shaped but lumpy 1 1 0
3. Like a sausage or snake but with cracks on its surface 0 0 0
4. Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft 0 0 0
5. Soft blobs with clear-cut edges 0 0 0
6. Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool 1 0 1
7. Watery, no solid pieces 2 0 2
Straining ≥25% of defecations 1
< 25% of defecations 0
Manual manoeuvres ≥25% of defecations 1
< 25% of defecations 0
Feeling of incomplete evacuation ≥ 25% of defecations 1
< 25% of defecations 0
Sensation of ano-rectal obstruction ≥ 25% of defecations 1
< 25% of defecations 0
Sum score (range) 0 – 4 0 – 9 0 – 5

The numbers are the scores related to each symptom with the sum score at the bottom. Low scores indicate normal function.

Kjeldby et al.

Kjeldby et al. BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:13   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-13

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