Table 1

Pool of EBPI categories [2].

EBPI categories with short explanations

-

Content of information and meta-information

Description of how patients should be informed before medical interventions and which criteria of transparency should be considered.

-

Quality of evidence

Authors should use a clear system for grading the quality of evidence and for the representation of strength of recommendation.

-

Patient-oriented outcome measures

Patient-oriented or disease-oriented outcomes should be included.

-

Presentation of numerical data

Existing evidence about the way how numerical data is presented should be considered.

-

Verbal presentation of risk

Risk communication should comprise not only numerical but also verbal descriptors.

-

Diagrams, graphics and charts

An adequate way of representing numerical information should be chosen.

-

Loss and gain framing

Information on gain and loss should be represented in a balanced manner.

-

Pictures and drawings

Written text should be combined with appropriate cartoons, pictures, pictograms, drawings, and photographs.

-

Patient narratives

Patient narratives are assumed to improve comprehensibility and memorability of information.

-

Consideration of cultural aspects

Health information should consider cultural aspects such as religiousness, masculinity versus femininity.

-

Layout

Existing evidence about how the layout can support reading and comprehension should be considered.

-

Language

Plain language in a non-alarmist and non-patronising way is recommended for enhancing understanding.

-

Development process

Consumers should be involved in the development process of the information.


Lins et al. BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:26   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-11-26

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