Table 3

Results on route, previous treatment, treatment time, technical success, clinical success and complications in case series with uncovered SEMS (uSEMS) for benign biliary strictures

Author

Intervention

Follow up (range)

Previous treatment

Technical success

Clinical succes

Treatment time Stentpatency

Total complications


Prospective studies


Yamaguchi et al [63]

Streckerstent (2)

> 5 years (7.4 year)

plastic stent placement

100%

62,50%

unknown

25%

Wallstent (6)

O Brien et al [58]

Wallstent

mean 64,5 months (26-81)

plastic stent placement (5)

100%

unknown

median 35 months (7-57)

75

Tesdal et al [69]

Wallstent (11)

mean 63,8 months

balloon dilatation (19)

100%

unknown

mean 30,2 months

64,50%

Palmazstent (9)

median 80,5 (2-116)

Streckerstent(4)

Deviere et al [15]

Wallstent

mean 33 months (24-42)

plastic stent placement (11)

100%

90%

3 and 6 months (2/20)

10

Mygind et al (75)

Z stent

4 and 7 months

balloon dilatation

100%

100%

unknown

unknown

Maccioni et al [56]

Z stent (17)

mean 37 months (30-41)

percutaneous dilatation

83,30%

55,50%

unknown

38,80%

Wallstent (1)

Foerster et al [52]

Wallstent

mean 32,7 weeks (21-53)

laparotomy (2)

100%

100%

8 months until now

14%


Retrospective studies


van Berkel et al [62]

Wall stent

mean 50 months (6 d -86 months)

none

100%

69%

60 months

15,40%

Roumhilac et al [60]

SEMS (12)

median 37 months (18-53)

plastic stent treatment for 1 year

100%

100%

no stent obstruction

unknown

Eickhoff et al [51]

Wallstent

median 58 months (22-29)

plastic stent placement

100%

unknown

median 20 months (10-38)

83,40%

Kahl et al [55]

Wallstent (3)

median 37 months (18-53)

plastic stent treatment for 1 year

100%

100%

no stent obstruction

unknown

Bonnel et al [49]

Z stent

mean 55 months (9-84)

surgery (17)

18 one approach

72%

36%

T tube (8)

7 two approaches

Rieber et al [59]

Palmaz stent

mean 18 months (1,5-43)

balloon dilatation

100%

62% occlusion

post PTBD

occlussion time

1,5-2,5-24 months

Hausegger et al [53]

Walsltent

mean 31,2 months (3-78)

balloon dilatation

100%

unknown

73% (6 months)

50,00%

38% (36 months)

19% (end follow up)

3-3-3-4-5-11-24-2-36-55

Chu et al [50]

Z stent

unknown

plastic stents

unknown

0%

PTBD

Ivancev et al [54]

Z stent (2)

9 and 14 months

balloon dilatation

100%

50%

50% (5 months)

50%

Rossi et al [16]

Z stent

mean 8 months (4-12)

baloon dilatition

100%

82,40%

unknown

11,80%


van Boeckel et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2009 9:96   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-9-96

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