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Open Access Research article

Assessment of safety and feasibility of a new technical variant of gastropexy for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: an experience with 435 cases

Paulo MO Campoli12*, Daniela MM Cardoso1, Marília D Turchi3, Flávio H Ejima1 and Orlando M Mota2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Digestive Endoscopy, Araújo Jorge Hospital, Goiás Anticancer Association, Goiânia, GO, Brazil

2 Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Araújo Jorge Hospital, Goiás Anticancer Association, Goiânia, GO, Brazil

3 Department of Community Health, Institute of Tropical Pathology and Public Health, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil

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BMC Gastroenterology 2009, 9:48  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-9-48

Published: 26 June 2009

Abstract

Background

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) performed through the Introducer Technique is associated with lower risk of surgical infection when compared to the Pull Technique. Its use is less widespread as the fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall is a stage of the procedure that is difficult to be performed. We present a new technical variant of gastropexy which is fast and easy to be performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new technical variant of gastropexy in patients submitted to gastrostomy performed through the Introducer Technique.

Methods

All the patients submitted to PEG through the Introducer Technique were evaluated using a new technical variant of gastropexy, which consists of two parallel stitches of trasfixation sutures involving the abdominal wall and the gastric wall, performed with a long curved needle.

Prophylactic antibiotics were not used. Demographic aspects, initial diagnosis, indication, sedation doses, morbidity and surgical mortality were all analyzed.

Results

Four hundred and thirty-five consecutive PEGs performed between June 2004 and May 2007 were studied. Nearly all the cases consisted of patients presenting malignant neoplasia, 79.5% of which sited in the head and neck. The main indication of PEG was dysphagia, found in 346 patients (79.5%). There were 12 complications (2.8%) in 11 patients, from which only one patient had peristomal infection (0.2%). There was one death related to the procedure.

Conclusion

Gastropexy with the technical variant described here is easy to be performed and was feasible and safe in the present study. PEG performed by the Introducer Technique with this type of gastropexy was associated with low rates of wound infection even without the use of prophylactic antibiotics.