Open Access Research article

Antibiotic exposure in pregnancy and risk of coeliac disease in offspring: a cohort study

Karl Mårild12*, Johnny Ludvigsson3, Yolanda Sanz4 and Jonas F Ludvigsson15

Author Affiliations

1 Dept. Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

2 Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Sweden

3 Div. of Paediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, and Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden

4 Microbial Ecology and Nutrition Research Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), Valencia, Spain

5 Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden

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BMC Gastroenterology 2014, 14:75  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-14-75

Published: 14 April 2014

Additional files

Additional file 1: Table A1:

Risk of coeliac disease according to the child’s use of antibiotics in the first year of life. Hazard ratios (HR) estimated through Cox regression.

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