Open Access Open Badges Research article

Threaded biliary inside stents are a safe and effective therapeutic option in cases of malignant hilar obstruction

Osamu Inatomi1*, Shigeki Bamba1, Makoto Shioya1, Yosuke Mochizuki2, Hiromitsu Ban1, Tomoyuki Tsujikawa1, Yasuharu Saito2, Akira Andoh3 and Yoshihide Fujiyama1

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Gastroenterology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta-Tsukinowa cho, Otsu, Shiga, Japan

2 Division of Endoscopy, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan

3 Division of Mucosal Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan

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BMC Gastroenterology 2013, 13:31  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-13-31

Published: 14 February 2013



Although endoscopic biliary stents have been accepted as part of palliative therapy for cases of malignant hilar obstruction, the optimal endoscopic management regime remains controversial. In this study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of placing a threaded stent above the sphincter of Oddi (threaded inside plastic stents, threaded PS) and compared the results with those of other stent types.


Patients with malignant hilar obstruction, including those requiring biliary drainage for stent occlusion, were selected. Patients received either one of the following endoscopic indwelling stents: threaded PS, conventional plastic stents (conventional PS), or metallic stents (MS). Duration of stent patency and the incident of complication were compared in these patients.


Forty-two patients underwent placement of endoscopic indwelling stents (threaded PS = 12, conventional PS = 17, MS = 13). The median duration of threaded PS patency was significantly longer than that of conventional PS patency (142 vs. 32 days; P = 0.04, logrank test). The median duration of threaded PS and MS patency was not significantly different (142 vs. 150 days, P = 0.83). Stent migration did not occur in any group. Among patients who underwent threaded PS placement as a salvage therapy after MS obstruction due to tumor ingrowth, the median duration of MS patency was significantly shorter than that of threaded PS patency (123 vs. 240 days).


Threaded PS are safe and effective in cases of malignant hilar obstruction; moreover, it is a suitable therapeutic option not only for initial drainage but also for salvage therapy.