Figure 3.

Endoscopic findings in 3 typical responders to GMA. All patients achieved complete remission after weekly GMA sessions. One of these patients (Figure 3a) with the first UC episode had absence of vascular patterns, spontaneous bleeding, erythema, oedema and friability at entry. This patient showed an early response to GMA, after receiving just 5 GMA sessions and achieved mucosal healing (MH) a few months later (Figure 3b). The second patient with steroid-dependent UC had extensive ulcers, oedematous mucosa at entry (Figure 3c). This patient achieved clinical remission and partial MH after 10 GMA sessions (Figure 3d). The third patient had a short duration of UC and absence of vascular patterns, spontaneous bleeding, erythema, ulcers and friability at entry (Figure 3e). This patient achieved MH a few months later after 10 GMA sessions (Figure 3f). These 3 patients had maintained remission at week 54 following the last GMA session.

Yokoyama et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2013 13:27   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-13-27
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