Table 2

Associations between low impact consulters and high impact non-consulters and demographic/socio-economic factors (age and sex adjusted odds ratios)

Demographic and socio-economic factors

Low impact consulters

High impact

non-consulters


Odds ratio (95% CI)

p-

value

Odds ratio (95% CI)

p-value


Sex

Males

1.00

1.00

Females

1.26 (0.87 to 1.83)

0.220

1.20 (0.97 to 1.48)

0.087


Age

18-24 yrs

1.00

1.00

25-34 yrs

0.81 (0.40 to 1.65)

0.556

0.93 (0.62 to 1.40)

0.731

35-44 yrs

0.71 (0.37 to 1.38)

0.308

0.59 (0.40 to 0.86)

0.006

45-54 yrs

0.88 (0.46 to 1.68)

0.699

0.63 (0.43 to 0.92)

0.016

55-60 yrs

1.14 (0.60 to 2.19)

0.684

0.67 (0.45 to 0.99)

0.043


Marital status

Single

1.00

1.00

Married/living together

0.83 (0.49 to 1.41)

0.490

0.87 (0.64 to 1.17)

0.354

No longer married

1.13 (0.54 to 2.33)

0.750

1.75 (1.13 to 2.71)

0.012


Social support

Low

1.00

1.00

Medium

0.94 (0.43 to 2.07)

0.876

0.51 (0.32 to 0.79)

0.003

High

0.87 (0.40 to 1.88)

0.717

0.44 (0.28 to 0.69)

< 0.001


Education

No qualifications

1.00

1.00

Secondary school

0.82 (0.48 to 1.41)

0.480

0.56 (0.40 to 0.79)

0.001

Higher education

0.54 (0.31 to 0.95)

0.033

0.42 (0.30 to 0.60)

< 0.001


Housing

Owned/mortgaged

1.00

1.00

Privately rented and other

1.02 (0.57 to 1.85)

0.938

1.29 (0.93 to 1.80)

0.131

Council/housing association

1.14 (0.59 to 2.19)

0.693

2.80 (1.91 to 4.11)

< 0.001


Employment

Full-time

1.00

1.00

Part-time

0.82 (0.50 to 1.35)

0.436

1.09 (0.81 to 1.46)

0.572

Self-employed

0.31 (0.11 to 0.86)

0.024

1.53 (1.05 to 2.24)

0.029

Not working due to illness

1.44 (0.74 to 2.81)

0.289

9.19 (5.32 to 15.87)

< 0.001

Others not in employment

0.67 (0.39 to 1.15)

0.146

1.42 (1.06 to 1.91)

0.021


Household income (annual)

< £15,000

1.00

1.00

£15,000-29,999

0.89 (0.50 to 1.56)

0.672

0.77 (0.55 to 1.08)

0.135

£30,000-49,000

0.81 (0.46 to 1.42)

0.459

0.48 (0.34 to 0.67)

< 0.001

£50,000+

0.71 (0.40 to 1.28)

0.256

0.33 (0.23 to 0.47)

< 0.001


Ethnicity

White

1.00

1.00

Other

0.54 (0.13 to 2.25)

0.393

0.99 (0.53 to 1.83)

0.966


Smoking

Never

1.00

1.00

Ex-smoker

1.00 (0.65 to 1.55)

0.991

1.70 (1.33 to 2.17)

< 0.001

Current smoker

1.14 (0.72 to 1.82)

0.579

2.00 (1.53 to 2.60)

< 0.001


Access to a GP surgery

Good

1.00

1.00

Moderate

0.98 (0.64 to1.50)

0.938

1.32 (1.04 to 1.68)

0.021

Poor

1.04 (0.40 to 2.66)

0.942

1.74 (1.02 to 2.96)

0.042


Access to a pharmacy

Good

1.00

1.00

Moderate

1.34 (0.85 to 2.11)

0.210

1.24 (0.94 to 1.63)

0.125

Poor

2.74 (1.17 to 6.38)

0.020

1.26 (0.66 to 2.42)

0.482


Access to a shop selling

OTC medicines

Good

1.00

1.00

Moderate

1.17 (0.71 to 1.93)

0.544

1.16 (0.86 to 1.55)

0.335

Poor

3.26 (1.28 to 8.33)

0.013

1.91 (0.89 to 4.11)

0.100


† Referent group

Figures highlighted are significant at 5% level (p < 0.05)

Elliott et al. BMC Family Practice 2012 13:21   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-21

Open Data