|Summary of similarities and differences between men and women, divided by five overarching themes|
|Identity and disclosure as person living with diabetes||Self-monitoring of blood glucose||Diet struggles||Utilization of diabetes resources||Social support|
|Men||Reluctant to disclose, kept diagnosis secret||Self-experimentation with diet, exercise, insulin, medication||Adherence in social settings, in context of lack of disclosure of diabetes||Self-directed, independent resources||Majority of support from spouse, especially diet changes|
|Women||Open about identity, self-labeled as having diabetes||Affective fears, anxieties about monitoring||Difficulties with restriction, focus on ‘cheating’ on diet||Socially interactive resources, classes and support groups||Mixed sources, family, friends and children|
|Both||Acceptance after adjustment period following diagnosis||Emphasis on body cues that linked to blood glucose levels||Frustration of adherence to dietary recommendations||Made use of available resources, sought out resources||Strong support from physicians, health care professionals|
Mathew et al.
Mathew et al. BMC Family Practice 2012 13:122 doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-122