Table 1

Covariates of the study participants at baseline used for matching.

Characteristics

Intervention group

Control group

P-value


n

186

2632


Age (years)

62.93 ± 11.85

66.97 ± 12.56

0.00*


Sex male

Sex female

44.1%

55.9%

47.5%

52.5%

0.37


Socio-economic status **

2.69 ± 0.79

2.75 ± 1.02

0.46


Married

59.7%

46.7%

0.00*


Diabetes mellitus type 2

84.9%

81.0%

0.18


Prediabetes

15.1%

19.0%

0.18


Asthma

5.9%

5.1%

0.64


Cancer

12.9%

13.3%

0.88


Cardiovascular disease

22.0%

32.0%

0.01*


Cerebral ischemia

5.4%

9.0%

0.09


COPD

1.1%

7.6%

0.00*


Depression

9.1%

7.6%

0.45


Hypertension

48.4%

50.6%

0.55


Locomotor system complaints

43.5%

37.7%

0.11


Lipid metabolism disorder

26.3%

21.7%

0.14


Neurologic disorder

7.5%

8.8%

0.55


Psychic disorder

10.2%

8.4%

0.40


Smoking

5.9%

5.1%

0.64


Data are means ± SD or frequencies (%).

* Groups differed significantly (P < 0.05).

** Socio-economic status based on postal code of patient on a scale of 1-4 (1 = -2 to -1 SD compared to total population of SGE, 2 = -1 to 0 SD compared to total population, 3 = 0 to +1 SD compared to total population, 4 = +1 to +2 SD compared to total population) [23].

Based on ICPC-codes.

Linmans et al. BMC Family Practice 2011 12:95   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-12-95

Open Data