Table 2

Changes in Alcohol and Tobacco Screening and Intervention Rates by Study Phases (%)

Phase I

Phase II

Phase III

p

(n = 211)

(n = 210)

(n = 201)


Alcohol Screening and Intervention Rates

Screening by Nurses

9.5a

38.1b

32.3c

.018

Screening by Clinicians

9.5a

13.4b

21.9c

<.001

Any Screening (Nurses or Clinicians)

14.7a

40.5b

37.8c

.041

Clinician Alcohol Interventions

3.8a

6.7b

12.4c

<.001

Tobacco Screening Rates

Screening by Nurses

20.4a

44.8b

41.3c

.081

Screening by Clinicians

18.5

18.1

26.0

.121

Any Screening (Nurses or Clinicians)

28.0a

49.5b

49.0b

.371

Tobacco Intervention Rates

(n = 87)

(n = 76)

(n = 76)

    Clinician advice to quit

32.2a

30.3b

47.4c

.042

    Specific Tobacco Quit Steps

Asked what would motivate patient to quit

14.3

17.6

25.0

.021

Gave patient a pamphlet

9.1

9.5

15.4

.017

Discussed lessons learned from past attempts

7.9

6.8

9.2

.421

Discussed setting a date to quit

3.9

8.1

10.8

.029

Discussed nicotine products or other meds

9.2a

16.2b

24.2c

<.001

Prescribed bupropion or a nicotine product

3.9a

5.4b

12.1c

<.001

Gave info about Tobacco Quit Line

5.3

1.4

6.1

.711

Referred to a smoking cessation program

2.6

2.7

3.0

.052


Values with different superscripts differ from each other at p < .05 on pairwise comparison; p-values listed in the table arefrom test of linear trends across study phases

Seale et al. BMC Family Practice 2010 11:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-11-18

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