Table 4

Description of population, intervention, comparison, outcomes measures in systematic reviews
Systematic Review Population Intervention Comparison Outcome Measures
1. Aladro-Gonzalvo et al. (2012) [10] Nonspecific low back pain greater than 6 weeks or recurrent (twice per year) 60 minute sessions Usual care, normal exercise or sports, back school exercise+, lumbar stabilisation exercise, massage, physiotherapy Pain: MBI–pain, NRS-101, VAS
1–7 sessions/week Disability: ODQ, RMDQ
10 days −12 weeks
2. La Touche et al. (2008) [6] Nonspecific low back pain greater than 6 weeks or recurrent (twice/year) 50–60 minute sessions Usual care, back school exercise+ Pain: NRS–101, RMVAS, VAS
1–7 sessions/week Disability: ODQ, RMDQ
10 days–6 weeks
3. Lim et al. (2011) [7] Non specific low back pain of any duration or recurrence rate 30–60 minute sessions Usual care, no exercise, back school exercise +, lumbar stabilisation exercise, massage, physiotherapy Pain: MBI–pain, NRS-101, RMVAS, VAS
1–7 sessions/week
Disability: ODI, ODQ, RMDQ
10 days–12 weeks
4. Pereira et al. (2012) [8] Non specific low back pain of any duration or recurrence rate 30–60 minute sessions Usual care, lumbar stabilisation exercise massage, physiotherapy Pain: SF-36 Pain, NRS–101, RMVAS, VAS
1–3 sessions/week
Disability: ODI, ODQ, RMDQ
4–8 weeks
5. Posadzki et al. (2011) [9] Nonspecific low back pain greater than 6 weeks or recurrent (twice/year); specific low back pain with disc pathology greater than 6 weeks 15–60 minute sessions Usual care, back school exercise+ Pain: NRS−11, NRS–101, RMVAS, VAS
1–7 sessions/week Disability: ODQ, RMDQ
10 days–12 months

Abbreviations: MBI-pain - Miami Back Index pain subscale; NRS −11 - 11 point Numeric Rating Scale; NRS −101 - 101 point Numeric Rating Scale; ODI - Oswestry Disability Index; ODQ - Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire; RMDQ - Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire; RMVAS -Roland Morris Visual Analog Scale; SF-36 Pain - Short Form Health Survey – Pain; VAS - Visual Analog Scale.

+ Back school exercise includes respiratory and postural education, muscle strengthening and mobilisation exercise [7,23].

Wells et al.

Wells et al. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:7   doi:10.1186/1471-2288-13-7

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