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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

The Manchester Color Wheel: development of a novel way of identifying color choice and its validation in healthy, anxious and depressed individuals

Helen R Carruthers1, Julie Morris2, Nicholas Tarrier3 and Peter J Whorwell1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

2 Department of Medical Statistics, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, UK

3 Division of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

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BMC Medical Research Methodology 2010, 10:12  doi:10.1186/1471-2288-10-12

Published: 9 February 2010

Abstract

Background

For the purposes of our research programme we needed a simple, reliable and validated method for allowing choice of a color in response to a series of questions. On reviewing the literature no such instrument was available and this study aimed to rectify this situation. This was achieved by developing a simple method of presenting a series of colors to people validating it in healthy volunteers and in individuals where color choice might be distorted, namely anxiety and depression.

Methods

A series of different presentations of four shades of eight colors and grey, as well as black and white were evaluated. 'Mood', 'favourite' and 'drawn to' colors were assessed in 105 healthy, 108 anxious and 110 depressed participants. The positive, neutral or negative attribution of these colors was recorded in a further 204 healthy volunteers.

Results

The circular presentation of colors was most favoured (Color Wheel). Yellow was the most 'drawn to' color and blue the commonest 'favourite' color in all subjects. Yellow was most often associated with a normal mood and grey with an anxious or depressed mood. Different shades of the same color had completely different positive or negative connotations. Reproducibility was exceptionally high when color choice was recorded in positive, neutral or negative terms.

Conclusions

The Color Wheel could be used to assess health status, mood or even treatment outcome in a variety of clinical situations. It may also have utility in circumstances where verbal communication may not be optimal, such as with children.