Table 1

Characteristics of EMS services
Characteristic Percent (95% CI)
Country n = 225
 United States 95.1% (92.7, 97.5)
 Canada 4.9% (2.5, 7.3)
Funding n = 209
 Public 50.7% (44.9, 56.5)
 Private 24.4% (19.4, 29.4)
 Mixture of public and private 24.9% (19.9, 29.9)
Urban vs rural population n = 222
 Urban 30.2% (25.1, 35.3)
 Rural 15.3% (11.3, 19.3)
 Mixture of urban and rural 54.5% (49, 60)
Population n = 222
 0 – 9 999 3.2% (1.2, 5.2)
 10 000 – 99 999 23.9% (19.2, 28.6)
 100 000 – 999 999 47.3% (41.8, 52.8)
 >1 000 000 25.7% (20.9, 30.5)
Type of transport n = 222
 Ground transport 95% (92.6, 97.4)
 Helicopter air transport 36.5% (31.2, 41.8)
 Fixed, wing air transport 8.6% (5.5, 8.6)
Transport time to nearest hospital n = 221
 0-10 min 29.4% (24.3, 34.5)
 10-20 min 52% (46.5, 57.5)
 20-30 min 11.3% (7.8, 14.8)
 30-60 min 7.2% (4.3, 10.1)
 >60 min 0.0%
Transport time to nearest tertiary care hospital n = 221
 0-10 min 13.6% (9.8, 17.4)
 10-20 min 38.5% (33.1, 43.9)
 20-30 min 19.9% (15.5, 24.3)
 30-60 min 16.7% (12.6, 16.7)
 >60 min 11.3% (7.8, 14.8)
Level of training n = 221
 NREMT Basic or equivalent 3.6% (1.5, 5.7)
 NREMT Intermediate or equivalent 1.4% (0.1, 2.9)
 NREMT Paramedic or equivalent 67.9% (62.7, 73.1)
 NREMT Paramedic with additional training in critical care or registered nurses with critical care training 24.9% (20.1, 29.7)
 Physician 2.3% (0.6-4.0)

Taylor et al.

Taylor et al. BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:6   doi:10.1186/1471-227X-14-6

Open Data