Table 1

Baseline characteristics of 617 patients with cardiovascular disease according to level of cardiovascular multimorbidity

Characteristic

CVD only

(n = 339)

CVD & CKD

(n = 203)

CVD & Anaemia

(n = 38)

CVD & CKD & Anaemia

(n = 37)

p value*


Mean eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) (SD)

74.47 (13.4)

51.18 (10.3)

72.08 (11.6)

45.81 (14.5)

<0.01


Mean Hb (g/dL) (SD)

14.50 (1.11)

13.95 (1.14)

11.13 (1.57)

11.05 (1.53)

<0.01


Mean Age in years (SD)

64.49 (8.9)

69.74 (7.48)

66.90 (9.62)

72.64 (4.99)

<0.01


Female sex (%)

27.4

60.3

39.5

63.1

<0.01


Current Smoker (%)

30.4

24.8

40.0

30.8

0.676


Previous CVD event (%)


MI

46.6

41.1

44.7

55.3

0.361


Angina

83.7

88.7

86.8

81.6

0.379


Heart Failure

8.0

11.8

7.9

10.5

0.502


Previous Co-morbidity (%)


Peripheral vascular disease

5.0

7.8

5.3

10.5

0.347


Stroke

4.4

5.9

2.6

0.0

0.481


Thromboembolism(PE, DVT, TIA)

10.3

18.1

2.6

10.5

0.012


Baseline Clinical status (SD)


Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

137.2 (17.7)

138.8 (19.8)

133.8 (15.5)

139.6 (21.3)

0.418


Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

80.6 (9.3)

79.9 (8.7)

77.2 (10.0)

81.2 (8.4)

0.172


Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)

5.3 (0.97)

5.4 (1.0)

4.9 (0.9)

5.5 (1.4)

0.031


Baseline medication (%)


Aspirin

75.4

67.5

71.0

81.6

0.131


B-Blocker

51.0

46.3

55.3

34.2

0.170


Lipid-lowering agent

50.7

50.7

36.8

28.9

0.029


ACE Inhibitor

25.2

25.1

26.3

31.6

0.854


*p value refers to the one-way ANOVA and Chi-squared analyses comparing the 4 groups

Anderson et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:51   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-51

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