Table 1

Physical and Biochemical Characteristics in the Study Subjects

Variables

Males (n = 1009)

Females (n = 1042)

Overall (n = 2051)


Weight (kg)

57.8 ± 13.2

50.4 ± 10.1*

54.0 ± 12.3

Body mass index (kg/m2)

20.6 ± 4.1

20.7 ± 3.9

20.7 ± 4.0

Obesity (BMI kg/m2)

23.0–24.9

108 (10.7)

94 (9.0)

202 (9.8)

25.0–29.9

93 (9.2)

114 (10.9)

207 (10.1)

≥ 30

32 (3.2)

35 (3.4)

67 (3.3)

Waist (cm)

74.4 ± 12.1

70.0 ± 10.4*

72.2 ± 11.5

Waist size (cm)

70–79

284 (28.1)

281 (27.0)

565 (27.5)

80–89

153 (15.2)

102 (9.8)

255 (12.4)

90–99

79 (7.8)

45 (4.3)

124 (6.0)

≥ 100

45 (4.5)

16 (1.5)

61 (3.0)

Waist:hip ratio

0.83 ± 0.06

0.77 ± 0.07*

0.80 ± 0.07

Waist:hip ratio

0.70–0.799

289 (28.6)

581 (55.6)

870 (42.4)

0.80–0.899

567 (56.2)

295 (28.3)

862 (42.0)

0.90–0.999

130 (12.9)

39 (3.7)

169 (8.2)

≥ 1.00

21 (2.1)

3 (0.3)

24 (1.2)

Systolic BP (mm Hg)

115.9 ± 10.9

111.3 ± 10.7*

113.6 ± 11.0

Diastolic BP (mm Hg)

74.9 ± 8.2

73.2 ± 7.7*

74.0 ± 8.0

Hypertension (≥ 140/90 or known)

57 (5.6)

32 (3.1)*

89 (4.3)

Fasting glucose (mg/dl)

89.9 ± 13.9

88.3 ± 10.9*

89.1 ± 12.5

Glucose fasting (mg/dl)

90–99

370 (36.7)

379 (36.4)

49 (36.5)

100–109

119 (11.8)

81 (7.8)

200 (9.8)

110–125

16 (1.6)

4 (0.4)

20 (1.0)

Diabetes (>125 mg/dl or known)

10 (1.0)

4 (0.4)

14 (0.7)

Cholesterol (mg/dl)

153.5 ± 37.6

162.7 ± 29.7*

158.7 ± 49.7

LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

87.1 ± 34.7

93.2 ± 30.3*

90.2 ± 32.7

High LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

100–129

214 (21.2)

297 (28.5)

511 (24.9)

130–159

56 (5.6)

62 (6.0)

118 (5.7)

≥ 160

38 (3.8)

30 (2.9)

68 (3.3)

Triglycerides (mg/dl)

102.0 ± 58.2

97.4 ± 40.3**

99.7 ± 50.0

High triglycerides (mg/dl)

150–199

58 (5.7)

40 (3.8)

98 (4.8)

200–399

35 (3.5)

22 (2.1)

57 (2.8)

≥ 400

5 (0.5)

1 (0.1)

6 (0.3)

HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

46.1 ± 7.85

49.9 ± 9.79*

48.05 ± 9.09

Low HDL cholesterol (males < 40 mg/dl and females < 50 mg/dl)

163 (16.2)

518 (49.7)*

681 (33.2)

Total: HDL cholesterol

3.48 ± 1.37

3.43 ± 1.18

3.45 ± 1.27

High total: HDL cholesterolcratio ≥ 4.5

144 (14.3)

132 (12.7)

276 (13.5)


*: p < 0.01; **: p < 0.05. Values are expressed as Mean ± SD or numbers with percent in parentheses.

Gupta et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:28   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-28

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