Regulation and splicing of scavenger receptor class B type I in human macrophages and atherosclerotic plaques
1 Research Centre for Endocrinology & Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, S-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden
2 The Wallenberg Laboratory for Cardiovascular Research, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, S-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden
3 Cardiovascular Research Unit, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
4 Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Institute, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
5 Department of Body Composition and Metabolism, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2005, 5:25 doi:10.1186/1471-2261-5-25Published: 25 August 2005
The protective role of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in the cardiovascular system is related to its role in the reverse transport of cholesterol from the arterial wall to the liver for subsequent excretion via the bile. Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) binds HDL and mediates selective uptake of cholesterol ester and cellular efflux of cholesterol to HDL. The role of SR-BI in atherosclerosis has been well established in murine models but it remains unclear whether SR-BI plays an equally important role in atherosclerosis in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SR-BI and its isoforms in human macrophages and atherosclerotic plaques.
The effect of hypoxia and minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (mmLDL), two proatherogenic stimuli, on SR-BI expression was studied in human monocyte-derived macrophages from healthy subjects using real-time PCR. In addition, SR-BI expression was determined in macrophages obtained from subjects with atherosclerosis (n = 15) and healthy controls (n = 15). Expression of SR-BI isoforms was characterized in human atherosclerotic plaques and macrophages using RT-PCR and DNA sequencing.
SR-BI expression was decreased in macrophages after hypoxia (p < 0.005). In contrast, SR-BI expression was increased by exposure to mmLDL (p < 0.05). There was no difference in SR-BI expression in macrophages from patients with atherosclerosis compared to controls. In both groups, SR-BI expression was increased by exposure to mmLDL (p < 0.05). Transcripts corresponding to SR-BI and SR-BII were detected in macrophages. In addition, a third isoform, referred to as SR-BIII, was discovered. All three isoforms were also expressed in human atherosclerotic plaque. Compared to the other isoforms, the novel SR-BIII isoform was predicted to have a unique intracellular C-terminal domain containing 53 amino acids.
We conclude that SR-BI is regulated by proatherogenic stimuli in humans. However, we found no differences between subjects with atherosclerosis and healthy controls. This indicates that altered SR-BI expression is not a common cause of atherosclerosis. In addition, we identified SR-BIII as a novel isoform expressed in human macrophages and in human atherosclerotic plaques.