Table 3

Difference of mean values of the clinical variables according to the tertile levels of central PP
1st tertile 2nd tertile 3rd tertile P for trend
Central PP (mmHg) 37.1 ± 4.2 48.6 ± 2.8 63.7 ± 10 0.001
Central SBP (mmHg) 108.2 ± 11.8 122.1 ± 10.4 135.9 ± 13.8 <0.01
Brachial SBP (mmHg) 111.4 ± 11.9 121.7 ± 11.4 132.0 ± 15.1 <0.01
Brachial DBP (mmHg) 71.1 ± 10 73.4 ± 9.8 72.2 ± 10.2 0.53
Brachial PP (mmHg) 40.3 ± 7.2 48.2 ± 7.3 59.7 ± 10.6 <0.01
Age (years) 51.2 ± 11 54.2 ± 10.3 59.7 ± 10.6 <0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 24.9 ± 3.4 25.1 ± 2.7 24.7 ± 3.2 0.67
Duration of DM (years) 7.5 ± 5.4 7.3 ± 6.4 10.5 ± 9.2 0.02
HbA1C (%) 7.7 ± 1.6 7.5 ± 1.5 7.6 ± 1.9 0.75
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 158.3 ± 34.6 164.6 ± 37.6 166 ± 36.7 0.27
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 112 (91, 169) 133 (88, 185) 114 (77, 144) 0.35
HDL-C (mg/dL) 47.5 ± 11.9 47.6 ± 13.2 48.5 ± 13.7 0.67
LDL-C (mg/dL) 93.5 ± 32.6 93.4 ± 34.8 98.9 ± 31.4 0.45
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 79.5 ± 16.1 78.5 ± 19 69.5 ± 16 0.01
Diabetic nephropathy, n (%) 0.69
  No albuminuria 55 (36.9) 52 (34.8) 42 (28.2)
  Microalbuminuria 13 (35) 12 (31.6) 13 (44.4)
  Overt proteinuria 2 (26.8) 4 (34.2) 3 (33.3)
HOMA-IR 2.6 (1.8, 4.5) 2.9 (2.0, 4.1) 2.9 (1.9, 5.0) 0.92
hsCRP (mg/dL) 0.09 (0.05, 0.13) 0.08 (0.04, 0.18) 0.1 (0.05,0.25) 0.35
Mean CIMT (mm) 0.58 ± 0.14 0.62 ± 0.13 0.66 ± 0.15 0.014
Mean baPWV (cm/sec) 1385 ± 253 1581 ± 495 1751 ± 359 <0.01
Mean ABI 1.13 ± 0.06 1.15 ± 0.06 1.15 ± 0.06 0.02

Data are shown as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range) or number (percentages).

PP: pulse pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; BMI: body mass index; DM: diabetes mellitus; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance; hsCRP: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; CIMT: carotid intima-media thickness; baPWV: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; ABI: ankle-brachial index.

Jung et al.

Jung et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2014 14:23   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-14-23

Open Data