Table 1

Subject characteristics tabulated by sex
Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors Women (n = 254) Men (n = 58) p
Age (y) 44.6 ± 6.7 43.5 ± 7.6 0.278
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.2 ± 4.1 27.6 ± 3.6 0.406
Waist circumference (cm) 90.4 ± 11.3 100.0 ± 10.1 <0.0001
Body fat percentage (%) 31.6 ± 6.6 22.2 ± 6.0 <0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.7 ± 0.8 5.0 ± 1.0 0.039
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.6 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 <0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.6 ± 0.7 3.1 ± 0.9 <0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.0 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.7 <0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.8 5.5 ± 0.6 0.226
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 5.5 ± 0.4 5.6 ± 0.3 0.264
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (mg/l) 2.11 ± 3.97 1.96 ± 3.08 0.912
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 121 ± 13 125 ± 14 0.015
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 79 ± 8 81 ± 9 0.041
Resting heart rate (bpm) 69 ± 10 69 ± 11 0.619
Rate-pressure product 84 ± 16 86 ± 18 0.327
Framingham Reactive Hyperemia Index 0.676 ± 0.401 0.325 ± 0.293 <0.0001
Reactive Hyperemia Index 2.272 ± 0.617 1.903 ± 0.403 <0.0001

Values are mean ± SD. P-value for differences of means between sexes.

Konttinen et al.

Konttinen et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:83   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-13-83

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