Hemodynamic profiles of intubated and mechanically ventilated carbon monoxide-poisoned patients during systemic hyperbaric oxygen therapy
1 Hyperbaric Medicine and Gas Pharmacology Research Unit at the research center of the CSSS Alphonse Desjardins/CHAU de Lévis, Lévis, QC, Canada
2 Family and Emergency Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
3 CHUQ Medical Research Center, Québec, QC, Canada
4 Normandie Université, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Caen, France
5 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
BMC Anesthesiology 2013, 13:26 doi:10.1186/1471-2253-13-26Published: 27 September 2013
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can be a life threatening condition. Systemic hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is used to induce CO detoxification. However, little is known about the hemodynamic response to HBO in severely intoxicated patients.
We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 6 CO-poisoned patients treated with propofol, rocuronium bromide, and HBO. The HBO protocol comprised 3 HBO treatments (HBOT1 to HBOT3) within 24 hours. During all HBO sessions heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse blood pressure (ΔBP) were measured every five minutes. Non-parametric tests were used to compare data between HBO sessions.
HR increased significantly as the number of HBOT increased, from 68 beats per minute (bpm) during HBOT1 to 77 and 86 bpm during HBOT2 and HBOT3, respectively (p < 0.05). In addition, while no significant change was found for DBP, both SBP and ΔBP showed a transient and significant increase during HBOT2, compared to HBOT1, that did not return to basal values during HBOT3.
Based on previous studies that have established the respective effects of rocuronium bromide, propofol, HBO, and CO alone on HR, SBP, and ΔBP, it is concluded that the hemodynamic responses observed in the present study are likely to be due to CO. If such, given that neither HR nor SBP and ΔBP returned to basal values by the end of HBOT3, it is suggested that more than 3 HBOT sessions could be necessary to provide full hemodynamic recovery in CO-poisoned patients.