Table 1

Basic demographics, defined primary/secondary outcomes and handgrip site used for patient studies.

Author

Year

Study type

Surgery

(urgency/type)

Number of patients

(n)

Age

(mean ± SD or

mean [range])

Gender (% male)

Primary

Outcome

Secondary

Outcome

Handgrip:

dominant vs.

non-dominant?


Beloosesky [16]

2010

Cohort*

Urgent fractured neck of femur

105

81 ± 7

31

Functional outcome

Not stated

Dominant

Wehern [23]

2005

Cohort

Urgent Hip fracture

205

81 ± 8

0

Functional outcome

Not stated

Right arm

Mahalakshmi [10]

2004

Case control

Elective general

100

42[13-70]

62

Complications

Not stated

Non dominant

Cook [17]

2001

Case control

Elective CABG

200

Not stated

73

Complications

Not stated

Both hands

Figueiredo [24]

2000

Cohort

Elective Liver transplant

53

50 ± 12

59

Complications

Not stated

Both hands

Le Cornu [25]

2000

Case control

Elective liver transplant

82

24-68

73

Complications

Not stated

Not stated

Visser [26]

2000

Cohort

Urgent Hip fracture

90

79 ± 8

0

Mobility

Not stated

Not stated

Guo [11]

1996

Case control

Elective oral and maxillofacial cancers

127

54 ± 15

69

Complications

Not stated

Non dominant

Watters [27]

1993

Cohort

Elective general

40

< 50 y group (36 ± 9)

> 70 y group (77 ± 5)

65

Relate Muscle strength to body composition and nitrogen balance

Not stated

Non dominant

Schroeder [34]

1993

Cohort

Elective general

84

54 ± 18

44

Post-op fatigue

Not stated

Dominant

Griffith [28]

1989

Cohort

Elective general and vascular

61

66#[41-82]

75

Complications

Not stated

Dominant

Kalfarentzos [12]

1989

Case control

Elective general

95

70 [42-88]

56

Complication

Not stated

Not stated

Brenner [29]

1989

Cohort

Elective general and vascular

249

Not stated

66

Complications

Not stated

Not stated

Webb [30]

1989

Case control

Elective general

90

58 [20-88]

60

Complications

Not stated

Not stated

Shukla [31]

1987

Case control

Elective Major general

110

20-70

49

Complications

Not stated

non dominant

Hunt [13]

1985

Case control

General, Orthopedic, Urology, Gynaecology, Cardiovascular, Endocrine and Miscellaneous

205

45 ± 17

46

Complications

Not stated

Not stated

Davies [32]

1984

Cohort

Urgent Fracture neck of femur

76

Not stated

Female

Complications

Not stated

Not stated

Klidjian [33]

1982

Case control

Elective general

120

60 [24-86]

55

Complications

Not stated

Non dominant

Klidjian [9]

1980

Case control

Elective general

102

57 [16-81]

46

Complications

Factors impairing handgrip strength

Non dominant


*Retrospective study; # median value.

Sultan et al. BMC Anesthesiology 2012 12:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2253-12-1

Open Data