MITE insertion polymorphism (MIP) analysis and estimation of insertion time. MIP patterns were classified into 5 groups (Bs, Br- I, II and Bo- I, II), based on existence of MIPs between species. (a) Gel electrophoresis of five MIPs (Bo-23, Br-6, Br-3, Bo-10, Bo-21, ordered from the top, for more information on the MIP IDs refer to Additional file 2). The lane numbers (1 to 8) indicate plant materials used, as described in Table 1. A, C, and AC represent the genomes of B. rapa, B, oleracea, and B. napus, respectively. AT indicates A. thaliana. M, molecular size marker. The presence or absence of an insertion is denoted by a black or gray arrowhead, respectively. (b) Estimated insertion timing for the five MIP groups during the evolution of Brassica species [27,36,37].The number within the parentheses indicates the corresponding number of MITE members belonging to the particular group (based on the analysis in panel a).
Sampath et al. BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:56 doi:10.1186/1471-2229-13-56