Table 2

Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) detected for 17 polyphenolic compounds in the 'Royal Gala' (RG) and 'Braeburn' (BB) parental genetic maps using a) MQM analysis and b) Kruskal-Wallis test.

Table 2a

Compound

Tissue

Year

Parent

Linkage group

LOD score

% variation

Marker with highest LOD


Chlorogenic acid

Cortex

2008

BB

13

4.00

**

20.1

GDsnp00101

Cortex

2008

BB

17

3.67

*

13.2

GDsnp00058

Cortex

2008

RG

17

8.30

***

30.5

GDsnp01525

Skin

2008

RG

17

13.98

***

46.5

GDsnp01525

Skin

2010

RG

17

3.81

**

10.1

GDsnp00178

Cortex

2010

RG

17

6.25

***

16.3

GDsnp01525

Skin

2010

RG

17

11.47

***

27.8

GDsnp01525

p-coumaroyl quinic acid

Cortex

2008

RG

1

4.44

***

42.4

GDsnp02580

Skin

2010

RG

1

5.57

**

54.8

GDsnp01678

Skin

2008

BB

6

3.53

*

12.5

GDsnp00197

Cortex

2008

BB

14

4.82

**

16.2

GDsnp01733

Skin

2008

BB

14

4.87

**

17.0

GDsnp01733

Cortex

2008

RG

14

4.54

***

7.1

GDsnp01727

Skin

2008

RG

14

4.97

***

19.3

GDsnp01727

Cortex

2010

BB

14

6.78

***

17.2

GDsnp01767

Cortex

2010

RG

14

4.14

**

10.9

GDsnp01727

Cortex

2008

BB

15

3.88

*

12.8

GDsnp01265

Cortex

2010

BB

15

4.65

***

12.8

GDsnp00932

Cyanidin 3-O-arabinoside

Skin

2008

BB

9

4.60

**

18.7

GDsnp00467

Skin

2008

RG

9

6.26

***

35.4

GDsnp01107

Cyanidin 3-O-galactoside

Skin

2008

BB

9

4.53

**

18.7

GDsnp00467

Skin

2008

RG

9

8.34

***

41.8

GDsnp01880

Skin

2010

BB

9

8.91

***

23.5

GDsnp00452

Skin

2010

RG

9

7.30

***

34.1

GDsnp00352

Catechin

Cortex

2008

BB

16

6.44

***

24.5

LAR1

Cortex

2008

RG

16

5.65

***

22.3

LAR1

Cortex

2010

BB

16

18

***

41.1

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

31.26

***

59.9

LAR1

Cortex

2010

RG

16

17.62

***

40.4

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

30.51

***

60.3

LAR1

Epicatechin

Cortex

2008

BB

16

18.23

***

55.6

LAR1

Skin

2008

BB

16

16.34

***

51.3

LAR1

Cortex

2008

RG

16

15.53

***

52.0

LAR1

Skin

2008

RG

16

14.89

***

49.3

LAR1

Cortex

2010

BB

16

35.95

***

65.7

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

23.57

***

50.1

LAR1

Cortex

2010

RG

16

32.24

***

65.2

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

21.65

***

48.0

LAR1

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 1

Cortex

2010

BB

16

31.82

***

61.2

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

41.28

***

71.8

LAR1

Cortex

2010

RG

16

30.75

***

60.9

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

41.08

***

71.5

LAR1

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 2

Skin

2010

BB

6

3.41

*

5.2

GDsnp01996

Cortex

2010

BB

7

4.30

***

14.3

GDsnp01946

Skin

2010

BB

16

21.35

***

46.5

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

19.13

***

44.0

LAR1

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 3

Cortex

2010

BB

7

3.63

**

13.6

GDsnp01946

Skin

2010

BB

16

17.15

***

39.5

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

14.97

***

36.4

LAR1

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 4

Cortex

2010

BB

7

3.24

*

5.2

GDsnp01946

Cortex

2010

BB

16

28.38

***

56.6

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

17.33

***

39.8

LAR1

Cortex

2010

RG

16

25.82

***

55.0

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

15.27

***

37.1

LAR1

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 5

Cortex

2010

BB

7

3.76

***

5.0

GDsnp01946

Cortex

2010

BB

14

3.22

**

6.0

GDsnp01639

Cortex

2010

BB

16

28.3

***

56.6

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

17.93

***

40.9

LAR1

Cortex

2010

RG

16

25.8

***

54.8

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

15.56

***

37.6

LAR1

Procyanidin B2

Skin

2008

BB

16

14.14

***

46.5

LAR1

Skin

2008

RG

16

12.84

***

44.5

LAR1

Skin

2010

BB

16

16.6

***

39.6

LAR1

Skin

2010

RG

16

15.59

***

37.6

LAR1

Quercetin 3-O-arabinofuranoside

Skin

2008

RG

9

3.98

***

20.6

GDsnp00045

Quercetin 3-O-glucoside

Skin

2010

RG

1

3.14

*

39.9

GDsnp01678

Skin

2010

RG

14

3.03

*

26.4

GDsnp01522

Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside

Skin

2008

RG

17

3.24

***

12.8

GDsnp00178

Skin

2010

RG

17

3.17

**

8.4

GDsnp01842

Quercetin 3-O-xyloside

Skin

2008

RG

17

3.73

***

14.7

GDsnp02075

Phloridzin-xyloside

Skin

2010

RG

17

3.89

**

10.3

GDsnp00262


Table 2b

Compound

Tissue

Year

Parent

Linkage group

Marker

K


Procyanidin B2

Cortex

2008

BB+RG

16

LAR1

43.2

Cortex

2010

BB+RG

16

LAR1

61.9

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 2

Cortex

2010

BB+RG

16

LAR1

95.3

Unknown procyanidin oligomer 3

Cortex

2010

BB+RG

16

LAR1

83.2


Significance of the QTL at the genome-wide level was tested using 1,000 permutations: *: 90%, **: 95% and ***: 99%.

Chagné et al. BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:12   doi:10.1186/1471-2229-12-12

Open Data