Figure 3.

The decrease in microglia activation correlates with neurogenesis. 15 days after the UCBMC treatment a significant reduction (p < 0.05) was found in the number of OX-6+ cells in the dentate gyrus of the aged rats (A). (B, C) Photomicrographs are shown of the hippocampus of media-treated (C) and UCBMC-treated (C) rats. (D) A higher magnification photomicrograph of area indicated by arrow in B. (E) A significant negative correlation (p < 0.01) was found between the number of OX-6+ cells and the amount of neurogenesis as determine by the number of DCX+ cells. (F) The OX-6+ were further characterized based on morphology. The cell on the left represents a typical 'Type 1' cell the cell on the right represents a typical 'Type 2' cell. Both 'Type 1' (p < 0.05; G) and 'Type 2' (p < 0.01; H) OX-6+ cells were significantly reduced in the aged animals following UCBMC treatment, but there was a greater reduction in 'Type 2' cells amounting to a four fold change. (scale bar for B, C is 200 μm; scale bar for D is 25 μm)

Bachstetter et al. BMC Neuroscience 2008 9:22   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-9-22
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