Figure 2.

15 days after a UCBMC treatment neurogenesis is increase in aged rats. To determine if UCBMC treatment could stimulate neurogenesis aged F344 rats were sacrificed and immunohistochemical stained for DCX and BrdU. (A) A significant increase (p < 0.05) in the number of DCX+ cells, quantified in the SGZ/GCL, was found in the UCBMC treated rats. (B, C) Photomicrographs show the dentate gyrus demonstrating the DCX immunohistochemistry in the media-treated (B) and UCBMC-treated (C) rats. (D) A higher magnification photomicrograph of area indicated in C shows a number of DCX+ cells showing the different morphologies of the cells. (E) The results obtained with DCX were confirmed by BrdU. BrdU was injected i.p. for five consecutive days after the single injection of UCBMC. 10 days after the last injection of BrdU the animals were sacrificed. Compare to both a media control as well as an human adult peripheral blood (PBMC) control the UCBMC treated animals had significantly more BrdU+ cells (p < 0.01). (F, G, H) Photomicorgaphs of dentate gyrus shows BrdU immunohistochemistry in the media-treated (F), PBMC-treated (G) and UCBMC-treated (H) rats. (I, J) Immunofluorescence was conducted to determine the phenotype of the BrdU+ cells. (I) An example of the cells double labeled with BrdU+/NeuN+ (I; shown in orthogonal projection) and BrdU+/TUJ1+ (J; shown using maximum projection). (scale bar for B, C, F, G, H is 100 μm; scale bar for D is 25 μm)

Bachstetter et al. BMC Neuroscience 2008 9:22   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-9-22
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