Table 1

Item statistics: Mean (M) and Standard error of the mean (SE) of duration, pitch, intensity, valence ratings, dominance ratings and arousal ratings of standard stimuli in the different emotional prosodies spoken by the two different voices
Emotional prosody Duration (ms) Pitch (Hz) Intensity * (dB)
M SE M SE M SE
neutral 632 35 176 3.78 62.31 0.01
happy 575 57 271 17.45 62.25 0.001
threatening 602 56 244 8.78 62.15 0.19
fearful 518 44 252 11.24 62.25 0.02
Emotional Prosody Valence rating (1–7) Dominance rating (1–7) Arousal rating (1–7)
M SE M SE M SE
neutral 4.77 0.27 4.29 0.13 4.59 0.43
happy 5.37 0.08 4.56 0.12 4.84 0.32
threatening 1.92 0.13 6.30 0.07 4.81 0.38
fearful 2.76 0.14 2.23 0.14 4.63 0.21

*Intensity refers to the degree of energy which is present in a given sound wave. It is directly proportional to amplitude, or, more precisely, it is directly proportional to the squared amplitude (definition Praat, Help menu, http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/ webcite).

Gädeke et al.

Gädeke et al. BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:14   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-14

Open Data