Table 4

Rat Neurological Function From Bederson, et al.{Bederson1995}{Bederson1986A}



Grade 5

Rat held by tail had normal extension of both forelimbs toward the floor

Grade 4

Rat with consistent flexion of forelimb on either side and adduction and internal rotation of shoulder

Grade 3

Rats placed on soft plastic coated paper they could grip with forepaws. With tail held by hand, gentle lateral pressure was applied behind the shoulder until the forelimbs slid several inches. Severely dysfunctional rat with consistently reduced resistance to the paretic side was graded 3

Grade 2

Rats then allowed to move on floor and observed for circling behavior when pulled by tail. Rats circling to paretic side were graded 2

Grade 1

Spontaneous circling when rat allowed to move on floor

Grade 0

No spontaneous motion

Jeon et al. BMC Neuroscience 2009 10:103   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-10-103

Open Data