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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

The Drosophila methyl-DNA binding protein MBD2/3 interacts with the NuRD complex via p55 and MI-2

Joachim Marhold1*, Alexander Brehm2 and Katja Kramer1

Author Affiliations

1 Research Group Epigenetics, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 580, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany

2 Adolf-Butenandt-Institut, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Schillerstrasse 44, 80336 München, Germany

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BMC Molecular Biology 2004, 5:20  doi:10.1186/1471-2199-5-20

Published: 29 October 2004

Abstract

Background

Methyl-DNA binding proteins help to translate epigenetic information encoded by DNA methylation into covalent histone modifications. MBD2/3 is the only candidate gene in the Drosophila genome with extended homologies to mammalian MBD2 and MBD3 proteins, which represent a co-repressor and an integral component of the

    N
ucleosome
    R
emodelling and
    D
eacetylase (NuRD) complex, respectively. An association of Drosophila MBD2/3 with the Drosophila NuRD complex has been suggested previously. We have now analyzed the molecular interactions between MBD2/3 and the NuRD complex in greater detail.

Results

The two MBD2/3 isoforms precisely cofractionated with NuRD proteins during gel filtration of extracts derived from early and late embryos. In addition, we demonstrate that MBD2/3 forms multimers, and engages in specific interactions with the p55 and MI-2 subunits of the Drosophila NuRD complex.

Conclusion

Our data provide novel insights into the association between Drosophila MBD2/3 and NuRD proteins. Additionally, this work provides a first analysis of the architecture of the Drosophila NuRD complex.