Additional file 1.

Cytokine production in spleen of five-week old female BALB/c mice treated with bovicin HC5 or ovalbumin. The relative expression of IL-12p40 (A), IFN-γ (B), IL-5 (C), IL-13 (D), TNF-α (E), TGF-β (F), IL-10 (G), IL-4 (H), IL-17 (I) mRNA was determined by real time-PCR and calculated by reference to the β-actin in each sample, using the threshold cycle (Ct) method. Results are shown as the mean value ± SD of duplicate samples from three independent mice within the NC, Bov and PC groups. Differences among treatments were indicated by different lowercase letters and were considered statistically significant by the Bonferroni multiple comparison test (p < 0.05). (NC) negative control group; (Bov) mice treated with bovicin HC5; (PC) positive control group. (TIFF 10328 kb)

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Paiva et al. BMC Microbiology 2013 13:69   doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-69