Figure 2.

Expression of cytokines in bovine intestinal epithelial (BIE) cells after stimulation with heat-stable Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). (A) BIE cells were challenged with heat-stable ETEC PAMPs and twelve hours later the expression of several cytokines was studied. The results represent four independent experiments. Significantly different from control *(P<0.05), **(P<0.01). (B) BIE cells were challenged with heat-stable ETEC PAMPs and the expression of MCP-1, TNF, IL-1-α, IL-β, IL-6 and IL-8 was studied at the indicated times post-stimulation. The results represent four independent experiments. Significantly different from time 0 *(P<0.05), **(P<0.01).

Takanashi et al. BMC Microbiology 2013 13:54   doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-54
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