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Open Access Open Badges Research article

Alternative sigma factor σH activates competence gene expression in Lactobacillus sakei

Solveig Schmid124, Claudia Bevilacqua3 and Anne-Marie Crutz-Le Coq1*

Author Affiliations

1 UMR1319 Micalis, INRA F-78350, Jouy-en-Josas, France

2 UMR Micalis, AgroParisTech, INRA F-78350, Jouy-en-Josas, France

3 UMR1313 Génétique Animale et Biologie Intégrative, plateforme ICE, INRA F-78350, Jouy-en-Josas, France

4 Conceptus SAS, 50 avenue de Saint Cloud, F-78000 Versailles, France

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BMC Microbiology 2012, 12:32  doi:10.1186/1471-2180-12-32

Published: 12 March 2012



Alternative sigma factors trigger various adaptive responses. Lactobacillus sakei, a non-sporulating meat-borne bacterium, carries an alternative sigma factor seemingly orthologous to σH of Bacillus subtilis, best known for its contribution to the initiation of a large starvation response ultimately leading to sporulation. As the role of σH-like factors has been little studied in non-sporulating bacteria, we investigated the function of σH in L. sakei.


Transcription of sigH coding for σH was hardly affected by entry into stationary phase in our laboratory conditions. Twenty-five genes potentially regulated by σH in L. sakei 23 K were revealed by genome-wide transcriptomic profiling of sigH overexpression and/or quantitative PCR analysis. More than half of them are involved in the synthesis of a DNA uptake machinery linked to genetic competence, and in DNA metabolism; however, σH overproduction did not allow detectable genetic transformation. σH was found to be conserved in the L. sakei species.


Our results are indicative of the existence of a genetic competence state activated by σH in L. sakei, and sustain the hypothesis that σH-like factors in non sporulating Firmicutes share this common function with the well-known ComX of naturally transformable streptococci.