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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Insects in confined swine operations carry a large antibiotic resistant and potentially virulent enterococcal community

Aqeel Ahmad14, Anuradha Ghosh2, Coby Schal3 and Ludek Zurek12*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

2 Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

3 Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

4 Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO 63167, USA

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BMC Microbiology 2011, 11:23  doi:10.1186/1471-2180-11-23

Published: 26 January 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Distribution of tet(M), tet(S), tet(K) and erm(B) determinants in E. hirae isolates from pig feces (n = 93), German cockroach feces (n = 30) and house fly digestive tracts (n = 26). Table describing distribution of tet and erm genes in E. hirae from various sources and their correlation with the phenotype.

Format: DOCX Size: 11KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Distribution of tet(M), tet(S) and erm(B) determinants in E. casseliflavus isolates from pig feces (n = 10), German cockroach feces (n = 14) and house fly digestive tracts (n =23). Table describing distribution of tet and erm genes in E. casseliflavus from various sources and their correlation with the phenotype.

Format: DOCX Size: 12KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 3:

Distribution [number (%) of isolates] of the tetracycline resistance genes, erm(B) gene, and Tn916/1545 family among isolates from pig feces, cockroach feces and the digestive tract of house flies. Table describing combinations of antibiotic resistance determinants and transposon Tn916/1545 family in four Enterococcus species isolated from various sources.

Format: DOCX Size: 15KB Download file

Open Data