Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

The small regulatory RNA molecule MicA is involved in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium biofilm formation

Gwendoline Kint, David De Coster, Kathleen Marchal, Jos Vanderleyden and Sigrid CJ De Keersmaecker*

Author Affiliations

Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics, K.U.Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, 3001 Leuven, Belgium

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BMC Microbiology 2010, 10:276  doi:10.1186/1471-2180-10-276

Published: 2 November 2010



LuxS is the synthase enzyme of the quorum sensing signal AI-2. In Salmonella Typhimurium, it was previously shown that a luxS deletion mutant is impaired in biofilm formation. However, this phenotype could not be complemented by extracellular addition of quorum sensing signal molecules.


Analysis of additional S. Typhimurium luxS mutants indicated that the LuxS enzyme itself is not a prerequisite for a wild type mature biofilm. However, in close proximity of the luxS coding sequence, a small RNA molecule, MicA, is encoded on the opposite DNA strand. Interference with the MicA expression level showed that a balanced MicA level is essential for mature Salmonella biofilm formation. Several MicA targets known to date have previously been reported to be implicated in biofilm formation in Salmonella or in other bacterial species. Additionally, we showed by RT-qPCR analysis that MicA levels are indeed altered in some luxS mutants, corresponding to their biofilm formation phenotype.


We show that the S. Typhimurium biofilm formation phenotype of a luxS mutant in which the complete coding region is deleted, is dependent on the sRNA molecule MicA, encoded in the luxS adjacent genomic region, rather than on LuxS itself. Future studies are required to fully elucidate the role of MicA in Salmonella biofilm formation.