Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Genomic resources for Myzus persicae: EST sequencing, SNP identification, and microarray design

John S Ramsey1, Alex CC Wilson23, Martin de Vos1, Qi Sun4, Cecilia Tamborindeguy5, Agnese Winfield6, Gaynor Malloch6, Dawn M Smith5, Brian Fenton6, Stewart M Gray5 and Georg Jander1*

Author Affiliations

1 Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

2 Department of Biology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146, USA

3 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA

4 Cornell Theory Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

5 USDA/ARS, Plant Protection Research Unit, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

6 Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, UK

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BMC Genomics 2007, 8:423  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-8-423

Published: 16 November 2007

Abstract

Background

The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is a world-wide insect pest capable of infesting more than 40 plant families, including many crop species. However, despite the significant damage inflicted by M. persicae in agricultural systems through direct feeding damage and by its ability to transmit plant viruses, limited genomic information is available for this species.

Results

Sequencing of 16 M. persicae cDNA libraries generated 26,669 expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Aphids for library construction were raised on Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana benthamiana, Brassica oleracea, B. napus, and Physalis floridana (with and without Potato leafroll virus infection). The M. persicae cDNA libraries include ones made from sexual and asexual whole aphids, guts, heads, and salivary glands. In silico comparison of cDNA libraries identified aphid genes with tissue-specific expression patterns, and gene expression that is induced by feeding on Nicotiana benthamiana. Furthermore, 2423 genes that are novel to science and potentially aphid-specific were identified. Comparison of cDNA data from three aphid lineages identified single nucleotide polymorphisms that can be used as genetic markers and, in some cases, may represent functional differences in the protein products. In particular, non-conservative amino acid substitutions in a highly expressed gut protease may be of adaptive significance for M. persicae feeding on different host plants. The Agilent eArray platform was used to design an M. persicae oligonucleotide microarray representing over 10,000 unique genes.

Conclusion

New genomic resources have been developed for M. persicae, an agriculturally important insect pest. These include previously unknown sequence data, a collection of expressed genes, molecular markers, and a DNA microarray that can be used to study aphid gene expression. These resources will help elucidate the adaptations that allow M. persicae to develop compatible interactions with its host plants, complementing ongoing work illuminating plant molecular responses to phloem-feeding insects.