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Open Access Research article

Genome-wide identification of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and Hsp interactors in rice: Hsp70s as a case study

Yongfei Wang1, Shoukai Lin12, Qi Song1, Kuan Li1, Huan Tao1, Jian Huang1, Xinhai Chen1, Shufu Que1 and Huaqin He1*

Author Affiliations

1 College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China

2 Putian University, Putian, Fujian 351100, China

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BMC Genomics 2014, 15:344  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-344

Published: 7 May 2014

Abstract

Background

Heat shock proteins (Hsps) perform a fundamental role in protecting plants against abiotic stresses. Although researchers have made great efforts on the functional analysis of individual family members, Hsps have not been fully characterized in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and little is known about their interactors.

Results

In this study, we combined orthology-based approach with expression association data to screen rice Hsps for the expression patterns of which strongly correlated with that of heat responsive probe-sets. Twenty-seven Hsp candidates were identified, including 12 small Hsps, six Hsp70s, three Hsp60s, three Hsp90s, and three clpB/Hsp100s. Then, using a combination of interolog and expression profile-based methods, we inferred 430 interactors of Hsp70s in rice, and validated the interactions by co-localization and function-based methods. Subsequent analysis showed 13 interacting domains and 28 target motifs were over-represented in Hsp70s interactors. Twenty-four GO terms of biological processes and five GO terms of molecular functions were enriched in the positive interactors, whose expression levels were positively associated with Hsp70s. Hsp70s interaction network implied that Hsp70s were involved in macromolecular translocation, carbohydrate metabolism, innate immunity, photosystem II repair and regulation of kinase activities.

Conclusions

Twenty-seven Hsps in rice were identified and 430 interactors of Hsp70s were inferred and validated, then the interacting network of Hsp70s was induced and the function of Hsp70s was analyzed. Furthermore, two databases named Rice Heat Shock Proteins (RiceHsps) and Rice Gene Expression Profile (RGEP), and one online tool named Protein-Protein Interaction Predictor (PPIP), were constructed and could be accessed at http://bioinformatics.fafu.edu.cn/ webcite.

Keywords:
Rice (Oryza sativa L.); Heat shock proteins; Genome wide; Identification