Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Functional analysis of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter gene family of Tribolium castaneum

Gunnar Broehan1, Tobias Kroeger1, Marcé Lorenzen2 and Hans Merzendorfer1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biology/Chemistry, Animal Physiology, University of Osnabrück, Osnabrück, 49069, Germany

2 Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695, USA

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Genomics 2013, 14:6  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-14-6

Published: 16 January 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Table S1. List of primers used in this study1.

Format: DOCX Size: 18KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Table S2. Subfamilies of ABC genes in different insect species.

Format: DOCX Size: 22KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 3:

Figure S1. qPCR to evaluate the knock-down of TcABC transcripts by RNAi. dsRNA specific for different TcABC genes was injected into penultimate instar larvae (PL), pre-pupae (PP) or adults (A). Total RNA was prepared three days after the injections. Mean normalized expression values were determined by qPCR with primers specific to the indicated target gene by comparing CT values of the respective target gene and the reference gene TcRPS6. As a control, the mean normalized expression after injection of dsRNA specific for the TcABC genes was compared with that of insects injected with dsRNA specific for TcVer.

Format: TIFF Size: 16.9MB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 4:

Figure S2. Gene loci of TcABCA-9A and TcABCA-9B and ClustalW alignment of deduced amino acid sequences. (A) The gene loci of TcABCA-9A (GLEAN_16282) and TcABCA-9B (GLEAN_16281) are shown as depicted by GBROWSE at BeetleBase. (B) ClustalW alignment of TcABCA-9A and TcABCA-9B. Highly conserved or identical amino acids are highlighted in light-gray. The sequences have been confirmed by nucleotide sequencing.

Format: TIFF Size: 14.3MB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 5:

Figure S3.TcABC expression in intestinal/excretory tissues and in carcass. Carcass (CAR) was obtained by removing the head, the two last abdominal segments and the complete gut with adherent Malpighian tubules from a penultimate larva. Total RNA was isolated from pools of carcass and intestinal/excretory tissues (IET) and transcribed into cDNA. Triplicates of independent cDNA preparations were used as templates in qPCRs using primers specific to the respective gene. Mean normalized expression was determined by comparing CT values of the respective target gene and the reference gene TcRPS6. Error bars indicate standard errors. Panel (A) shows TcABC genes with comparably low transcript levels, while panel (B) shows TcABC genes with higher transcript levels.

Format: TIFF Size: 5.7MB Download file

Open Data