Table 2

Effects of immunostimulation on cuticular hydrocarbon profiles of bees in Colony 1
Substance Control Saline Beads Bacteria
Median ± SIQR Median ± SIQR Median ± SIQR Median ± SIQR
Alkanes
Heneicosane 0.51±0.04 0.49±0.08 0.55±0.10 0.43±0.08
Tricosane 2.85±0.24 3.46±0.76 3.70±0.38 3.11±0.60
Tetracosane 0.13±0.02 0.17±0.14 0.22±0.06 0.16±0.08
Pentacosane 4.99±0.37 6.16±6.35 8.89±4.07 5.99±2.91
hexacosane 0.66±0.08 0.83±0.28 0.98±0.19 0.81±0.26
Heptac osane 20.44±2.23 24.00±4.88 29.63±4.40 25.77±8.43
Octacosane 0.78±0.05 0.64±0.10 0.68±0.06 0.73±0.08
Nonacosane 17.65±1.14 13.02±2.77 13.88±3.09 17.14±2.75
Triacontane 0.74±0.07 0.65±0.21 0.47±0.17 0.64±0.15
Hentricontane 16.33±2.37 13.10±4.56 9.92±4.13 15.90±3.63
Tritriacontane 2.16 2.03±0.73 1.35±0.63 2.17±0.73
Alkenes
Tricosene 0.17±0.03 0.21±0.07 0.19±0.06 0.16±0.04
Pentacosene 0.31±0.05 0.42±0.20 0.37±0.24 0.28±0.12
Heptacosene 0.34±0.13 0.91±0.57 0.72±0.96 0.51±0.35
Nonacosene 1.08±0.28 1.41±0.22 1.23±0.20 1.16±0.13
Hentriacontene Isomere1 3.59±0.25 4.13±0.77 3.80±0.32 3.32±0.61
Hentriacontene Isomere2 5.13±0.30 5.32±1.11 4.81±0.54 4.52±0.63
Tritriacontene 12.99±1.19 13.66±2.58 11.53±1.27 11.11±2.13
Alkynes
Hentriacontyne 0.12±0.10 0.37±0.06 0.00±0.00 0.18±0.05
Tritriacontyne 1.15±0.28 1.61±0.32 1.34±0.32 1.14±0.21
Methylalkanes
11.13- Methylpentacosane 0.20±0.04 0.20±0.07 0.27±0.07 0.17±0.04
9.11.13- Methylheptacosane 1.15±0.19 1.40±0.25 1.70±0.40 1.20±0.24
11.13.15- Methylnonacosane 1.06±0.18 1.34±0.25 1.67±0.35 1.11±0.22
13.15- Methylhentriacontane 0.62±0.11 0.85±0.15 1.01±0.21 0.74±0.14

Data for this figure were obtained from gas chromatography analysis of cuticular washes of worker bees from Colony 1. These data represent the relative proportions of each compound found within each of the four treatment groups.

Richard et al.

Richard et al. BMC Genomics 2012 13:558   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-13-558

Open Data