Manf localises intracellularly partially to ER and endosomal compartment. A-C - The confocal micrographs of 2nd instar larval garland cells stained for α-Manf (magenta) showing Manf expression around the nuclei (A) overlapping partially with ER-EYFP marker (green), DAPI (blue) was used to stain nuclei (A-C). D - Western blot analysis shows two fold increased amount of phosphorylated elF2α in ManfmzΔ96 embryos in comparison to wild type w1118 embryos. Decreasing amounts of samples were loaded to obtain the optimal result for quantification; the triangles represent the direction of decrease in loading. α-tubulin (α-tub) was used as a loading control. E-G - The confocal micrographs of Schneider-2 cells transfected with Manf cDNA construct and stained with Lysotracker (green) and α-DmManf show almost no colocalisation (less than 0.3%). H-M - The confocal micrographs of the wild type 3rd instar larval fat body expressing GFP-tagged UAS-constructs (green) driven by fat body specific ppl-GAL4 and stained for α-DmManf (magenta); nuclear stain DAPI (blue) was used. In H-J Manf localises close to clathrin coated vesicles marker GFP-clathrin light chain (Clc). In K-M Manf shows partial colocalisation with late endosomal compartment marker Rab7. N-S - In the salivary gland cells of 3rd instar larvae Manf (magenta) localises close to the basal cell borders and colocalises partially with early endosomal marker Rab5 (green) (N-P) and the recycling endosomal pathway marker Rab11 (green) (Q-S). Close arrows mark the cell borders and the open arrows mark the areas of colocalisation; all images consist of single laser confocal section. Scale bars: in A-C 2 μm, 4 μm in H-J, 5 μm in E-G and K-S.
Palgi et al. BMC Genomics 2012 13:134 doi:10.1186/1471-2164-13-134