Table 1

Summary of Organisms

Organism

Patho-genic

Host required

Description

Reference


Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv

Y

Y

Causes TB; Laboratory strain

[2]


Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra

Y

Y

Causes TB; Avirulent sister strain to H37Rv

[4]


Mycobacterium tuberculosis F11 (ExPEC)

Y

Y

Causes TB; isolated from TB patient in S. Africa

[5]


Mycobacterium bovis BCG str. Pasteur 1173P2

Y

Y

Causes bovine TB; attenuated vaccine strain

[6]


Mycobacterium bovis AF2122/97

Y

Y

Causes bovine TB

[7]


Mycobacterium tuberculosis Haarlem

Y

Y

Causes TB; MDR strain

[5]


Mycobacterium tuberculosis C

Y

Y

Causes TB; isolated in NY City

[5]


Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551

Y

Y

Causes TB; highly contagious & virulent strain

[8]


Mycobacterium ulcerans AGY99

Y

Causes Buruli ulcer

[9]


Mycobacterium marinum

Y

From fish; Skin lesions in human

[10]


Mycobacterium leprae TN

Y

Y

Causes leprosy

[11]


Mycobacterium avium 104

Y

Opportunistic pathogen; can causeTB-type pulmonary infection

[12]


Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis K-10

Y

Y

Causes paratuberculosis; obligate pathogen of cattle

[13]


Mycobacterium sp. MCS

Soil bacteria; degrades PAH

[14]


Mycobacterium sp. KMS

Soil bacteria; degrades PAH

[14]


Mycobacterium smegmatis MC2155

Y

Widely used model for Mtb isolated from human smegma; causes soft tissue lesions

[12]


Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-1

Soil bacteria; degrades PAH

[14]


Mycobacterium gilvum

Soil bacteria; Degrades PAH + wide variety of organic compounds

[14]


Mycobacterium abscessus

Y

Skin & soft tissue infections

[15]


Rhodococcus jostii RHA1

Soil bacteria important for biofuels research and bioremediation; degrades PCB + wide variety of organic compounds

[16]


Nocardia farcinica IFM 10152

Y

Causes nocardiosis

[17]


Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032

Produces amino acids (Glu)

[18]


Corynebacterium efficiens YS-314

Produces amino acids (Glu)

[19]


Corynebacterium diphtheriae NCTC13129

Y

Causes diphtheria

[20]


Corynebacterium jeikeium K411

Y

Causes nocosomial infections

[21]


Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680

Soil bacteria;antibiotic-producing

[22]


Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)

Soil bacteria;antibiotic producing

[23]


Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B

Hot springs of Yellowstone

[24]


Rhodobacter sphaeroides

Gram -, motile; photosyn.; fixes N2

[14]


Propionibacterium Acnes KPA171202

Y

Causes acne

[25]


Bifidobacterium Longum NCC2705

Digestive track commensal; yogurt

[26]


McGuire et al. BMC Genomics 2012 13:120   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-13-120

Open Data