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Open Access Research article

Copy number variation in the genomes of twelve natural isolates of Caenorhabditis elegans

Jason S Maydan1, Adam Lorch2, Mark L Edgley2, Stephane Flibotte3 and Donald G Moerman13*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada

2 Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada

3 Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 4S6, Canada

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BMC Genomics 2010, 11:62  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-11-62

Published: 25 January 2010

Abstract

Background

Copy number variation is an important component of genetic variation in higher eukaryotes. The extent of natural copy number variation in C. elegans is unknown outside of 2 highly divergent wild isolates and the canonical N2 Bristol strain.

Results

We have used array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) to detect copy number variation in the genomes of 12 natural isolates of Caenorhabditis elegans. Deletions relative to the canonical N2 strain are more common in these isolates than duplications, and indels are enriched in multigene families on the autosome arms. Among the strains in our study, the Hawaiian and Madeiran strains (CB4856 and JU258) carry the largest number of deletions, followed by the Vancouver strain (KR314). Overall we detected 510 different deletions affecting 1136 genes, or over 5% of the genes in the canonical N2 genome. The indels we identified had a median length of 2.7 kb. Since many deletions are found in multiple isolates, deletion loci were used as markers to derive an unrooted tree to estimate genetic relatedness among the strains.

Conclusion

Copy number variation is extensive in C. elegans, affecting over 5% of the genes in the genome. The deletions we have detected in natural isolates of C. elegans contribute significantly to the number of deletion alleles available to researchers. The relationships between strains are complex and different regions of the genome possess different genealogies due to recombination throughout the natural history of the species, which may not be apparent in studies utilizing smaller numbers of genetic markers.