Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Genetics and BioMed Central.

Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Software

Isolation by distance, web service

Jeffrey L Jensen1, Andrew J Bohonak2 and Scott T Kelley2*

Author Affiliations

1 High Tech High, 2861 Womble Road, San Diego, CA 92106-6025, USA

2 Department of Biology, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182-4164, USA

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Genetics 2005, 6:13  doi:10.1186/1471-2156-6-13

Published: 11 March 2005



The population genetic pattern known as "isolation by distance" results from spatially limited gene flow and is a commonly observed phenomenon in natural populations. However, few software programs exist for estimating the degree of isolation by distance among populations, and they tend not to be user-friendly.


We have created Isolation by Distance Web Service (IBDWS) a user-friendly web interface for determining patterns of isolation by distance. Using this site, population geneticists can perform a variety of powerful statistical tests including Mantel tests, Reduced Major Axis (RMA) regression analysis, as well as calculate FST between all pairs of populations and perform basic summary statistics (e.g., heterozygosity). All statistical results, including publication-quality scatter plots in Postscript format, are returned rapidly to the user and can be easily downloaded.


IBDWS population genetics analysis software is hosted at webcite and documentation is available at webcite. The source code has been made available on Source Forge at webcite.