Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans

Mait Metspalu1*, Toomas Kivisild1, Ene Metspalu1, Jüri Parik1, Georgi Hudjashov1, Katrin Kaldma1, Piia Serk1, Monika Karmin1, Doron M Behar2, M Thomas P Gilbert6, Phillip Endicott7, Sarabjit Mastana4, Surinder S Papiha5, Karl Skorecki2, Antonio Torroni3 and Richard Villems1

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia

2 Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine and Research Institute, Technion and Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

3 Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Università di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

4 Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom

5 Department of Human Genetics, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom

6 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA

7 Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS,United Kingdom

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BMC Genetics 2004, 5:26  doi:10.1186/1471-2156-5-26

Published: 31 August 2004

Additional files

Additional File 3:

Table 8. Excel spreadsheet. MtDNA haplogroup frequencies among tribal populations. Frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups amongst the tribal populations of India, China and Thailand as averaged over states of India and provinces in China and Thailand.

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Table 12. Excel spreadsheet. Comparison of the mtDNA haplogroup frequencies amongst the Indian caste and tribal populations.

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Table 9. Excel spreadsheet. MtDNA haplogroup frequencies in India and Iran.

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Additional File 6:

Table 11. Excel spreadsheet. Frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups amongst the Indian caste populations as averaged over states of India.

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Additional File 8:

Figure 12. Image file in PNG format. Network of HVS-I haplotypes belonging to haplogroup R5. Circle areas are proportional to haplotype frequencies. Variant bases of the HVS-I are numbered as in (Anderson et al. 1981) minus 16,000 and shown along links between haplotypes. The diagnostic R5 coding region marker 8594 is shown in bold and numbered as in (Anderson et al. 1981). Character changes are specified only for transversions. Underlined samples are those in which the marker 8594 was assayed by either RFLP analysis (-8592 MboI) or direct sequencing. Sample codes are as in Table 6 (see Additional file 1). Coalescence estimates marked with an asterisk are calculated excluding tribal populations (see Materials and Methods for explanation).

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Table 10. Excel spreadsheet. Frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups amongst the Indian populations.

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Additional File 2:

Table 7. Excel spreadsheet. MtDNA variation in the studied populations (raw data). MtDNA control and coding region variation in the populations that were used in the study. The database includes both the newly obtained datasets and the previously published datasets. The latter were in many cases reanalyzed both in silico and by typing for additional mtDNA coding region markers.

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Table 6. Excel spreadsheet. The list of studied populations. List and details of the populations whose mtDNA were used in the study. This includes both newly obtained datasets and previously published datasets

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Additional File 9:

Table 13. Excel spreadsheet. Frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups amongst different linguistic groupings of Indian populations.

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