Table 1

Sampling localities and genetic diversity

land mass1)

region

flyway2)

π (± SD)

dH (± SD)

locality

n

lat.

long.


OW

Europe

North-West EU

0.00344

0.696

GBAB

21

57.433

-2.393

(0.00038)

(0.05)

NLFR

23

53.035

5.574

NOBE*

22

60.355

5.345


Central EU

0.00470

0.929

ATHO

18

48.607

16.905

(0.00034)

(0.018)

DEWU

24

50.036

11.972

EETA*

22

58.345

27.154

RUKR

10

60.999

38.556


East EU

0.00536

1.000

RUAS

3

46.217

47.767

(0.00182)

(0.272)


Asia

Central Asia

0.00438

0.833

KZAO

3

44.893

75.122

(0.00112)

(0.127)

RUOM*

6

55.845

71.853


East Asia

0.00835

0.987

MNDA

1

47.000

119.367

(0.00093)

(0.005)

RUKK*

4

50.388

136.996

RUPR

1

59.631

149.115

RUPR

82

45.007

132.432


NW

Alaska

Pacific NA

0.01323

0.985

USFI

13

64.825

-147.584

(0.00151)

(0.015)

USIZ

6

55.358

-162.728

USJU

1

58.364

-134.572

USKB

2

60.545

-151.148

USKI

4

57.491

-153.495

USSF

1

61.216

-149.884

USYD

1

61.367

-163.717

USYR

1

65.821

-149.733


Canada

Central NA

0.01364

0.971

CARM

20

50.628

-101.159

(0.00175)

(0.021)

CASL*

3

49.666

-112.704

USPI

1

72.677

-99.469


Atlantic NA

0.01430

0.934

CACO

3

45.579

-64.345

(0.00224)

(0.061)

CAJC*

2

42.321

-82.385

CALM

9

43.962

-80.400


N/A

Aleutians

N/A

0.00870

0.824

USAD

2

51.762

-176.622

(0.00243)

(0.084)

USAI

8

52.905

172.906

USSI

7

52.723

174.112


Greenland

N/A

0.00042

0.177

GLNU

22

64.190

-51.708

(0.00027)

(0.106)


NulceotieNucleotide diversity (π) and haplotype diversity (dH) were calculated per flyway. Sampling locations within each flyway are coded by the two letter country abbreviation (e.g., GB - Great Britain; NL - Netherlands, etc.) and a two letter locality abbreviation (GBAB - Great Britain, Aberdeen; NLFR - Netherlands, Friesland). Details on coding are given in Additional file 2. Samples sizes per locality within flyways (n) are reported, as well as digital GPS coordinates (latitude, lat. and longitude, long.; negative longitudes indicate westward direction).

1)land masses are defined as Old World (OW, which is Eurasia) and New World (NW, which is the North-American continent). The Aleutian Islands and Greenland are not assigned to either of these land masses

2)flyway definitions based on references 2-4

*coordinates are averages of several near-by places, where ducks have been sampled and combined into one sampling locality. Full details for each individual can be found in Additional file 2.

Kraus et al. BMC Genetics 2011 12:99   doi:10.1186/1471-2156-12-99

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