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Migration of Chadic speaking pastoralists within Africa based on population structure of Chad Basin and phylogeography of mitochondrial L3f haplogroup

Viktor Černý1, Verónica Fernandes2, Marta D Costa2, Martin Hájek1, Connie J Mulligan3 and Luísa Pereira24*

Author Affiliations

1 Archaeogenetics Laboratory, Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, The Czech Republic

2 Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, (IPATIMUP), R. Dr. Roberto Frias s/n 4200-465 Porto, Portugal

3 Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 32610-3610

4 Medical Faculty, University of Porto, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:63  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-63

Published: 23 March 2009

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Samples used for the whole genome L3f phylogeny. List of DNA haplotypes used to construct the L3f phylogeny (16 new sequences and 29 previously published sequences).

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Additional file 2:

Population samples used for the study of mtDNA differentiation. List of populations used in the current study.

Format: DOC Size: 306KB Download file

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Additional file 3:

Reduced median network relating L3f sequences. Reduced median network of L3f sequences. The central motif (star) differs from rCRS at position 16209 in HVS-I control region. Numbers along links refer to nucleotide positions minus 16000. Size of the nodes is proportional to the number of sequences included. Only selected mutations are shown.

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Additional file 4:

Matrix of FST between populations. Matrix of FST values derived from mtDNA HVS I sequences in African populations speaking Afro-Asiatic languages and the non-Afro-Asiatic speaking populations of Chad Basin; FST values below diagonal and significant values (p < 0.001) above diagonal.

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