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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Early Miocene origin and cryptic diversification of South American salamanders

Kathryn R Elmer123*, Ronald M Bonett45, David B Wake5* and Stephen C Lougheed1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

2 Lehrstuhl für Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitätstrasse 10, Konstanz, 78457, Germany

3 Current address: Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

4 Department of Biological Science, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA

5 Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, 94720-3160, USA

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013, 13:59  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-59

Published: 4 March 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Bayesian chronogram with 95% highest posterior density for Central and South American Bolitoglossa based on Rag1 and Cytb.

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Additional file 2:

Divergence time estimates based on alternative calibrations.

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Additional file 3:

Inter-individual K2P corrected sequence divergence at cytochrome b. Sensu lato interspecific comparisons are shaded grey.

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Additional file 4:

Inter-individual uncorrected sequence divergence at Rag1.Sensu lato interspecific comparisons are shaded grey.

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Additional file 5:

Multilocus combined phylogeny.

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Additional file 6:

List of specimens (species, GenBank accession, continent) included in the divergence time analysis.

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Additional file 7:

Best likelihood models of sequence evolution for each codon position and combined positions.

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