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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

The bee tree of life: a supermatrix approach to apoid phylogeny and biogeography

Shannon M Hedtke1*, Sébastien Patiny2 and Bryan N Danforth1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

2 Laboratory of Zoology, Mons University, Mons, Belgium

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013, 13:138  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-138

Published: 3 July 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Maximum-likelihood estimate of apoid species phylogenies. Phylogenetic estimates of relationships among species based on maximum-likelihood analyses of DNA sequence data, in Newick format. Bootstrap support is based on 100 replicates.

Format: TXT Size: 657KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Distribution of missing data. Genes used in phylogenetic estimation are labelled by site in the concatenated alignment; cut-offs for subsampled alignments (10-gene and 7-gene) are indicated.

Format: PDF Size: 410KB Download file

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Open Data

Additional file 3:

Maximum-likelihood phylogenetic estimates of apoid genera. Ten replicate alignments were generated by randomly sampling one sequence per genus per gene. Bootstrap support is based on 100 replicates, after removal of ‘rogue’ taxa.

Format: TXT Size: 220KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 4:

Parsimony- and maximum-likelihood based reconstruction of bee historical biogeography. Present geographic range was used in maximum-likelihood (ML) and maximum-parsimony (MP) framework to estimate ancestral presence or absence of a genus in each of 7 biogeographic areas.

Format: PDF Size: 2.6MB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional file 5:

GenBank numbers for sequences used in this study. Table with GenBank numbers for taxa and genes sampled.

Format: TXT Size: 183KB Download file

Open Data

Additional file 6:

Geographic distributions of bee genera. Presence/absence of each genus in each of seven geographic regions indicated with a 0 (absent) or 1 (present). Data from reference [3].

Format: TXT Size: 13KB Download file

Open Data