Table 2

Linkage disequilibrium, recombination estimators and neutrality tests for North American and European Colorado potato beetle populations
Linkage disequilibrium and recombination Neutrality tests
Population n % sign. % Bonf. R, per gene Rm D D* ZnS
AChE2 (1037 bp)
Morelos 21 19.0 0.0 132.0 1 0.010 0.048 0.090
Oaxaca 21 19.0 9.5 18.7 1 0.361 0.674 0.209
Puebla 666 20.6 0.6 4.9 4 −0.177 0.057 0.211
Kansas 435 23.4 1.4 16.4 5 0.784 0.042 0.198
Colorado 703 8.3 0.0 7.2 7 −0.805 −0.408 0.144
Russia 91 70.3 53.9 1.6 2 2.232 0.778 0.575
Finland 66 83.3 37.9 2.5 2 2.560 1.461 0.593
Estonia 190 33.7 9.5 7.9 2 0.933 1.583 0.315
Poland 190 27.9 15.3 5.0 1 1.199 1.049 0.350
Italy 91 69.2 25.3 3.7 2 2.472 1.501 0.524*
DP1 (931 bp, including a short 58 bp intron site)
Morelos 78 12.82 1.28 80.1 5 1.010 0.714 0.140
Oaxaca 91 18.68 3.30 27.6 2 0.226 −0.306 0.135
Puebla 231 14.72 4.33 16.8 2 0.146 −0.523 0.153
Kansas 300 12.67 2.00 10.9 3 0.357 0.206 0.214*
Colorado 561 4.63 1.07 4.8 1 −1.336 −2.144* 0.179
Russia 210 17.14 4.76 0.9 0 −0.231 −1.110 0.412
Finland 28 100.00 100.00 0.001 0 2.923 1.342 1.000
Estonia 66 33.33 0.00 7.2 0 1.139 0.856 0.436
Poland 66 34.85 33.33 4.9 0 1.728* 1.461 0.438*
Italy 210 55.24 4.76 1.5 0 0.785 1.592 0.432
JHE-b (583 bp)
Morelos 66 12.1 1.5 54.4 4 0.700 1.460 0.139
Oaxaca 91 17.6 3.3 18.1 4 0.696 0.803 0.188
Kansas 171 0.0 0.0 0.001 0 1.357 1.692 1.000
Russia 105 35.2 0.0 6.6 4 1.147 0.913 0.317
Finland 21 23.8 4.8 14.1 2 1.637 0.817 0.360
Italy 15 40.0 0.0 0.6 1 1.108 1.346 0.668

Abbreviations: n, number of pairwise comparisons;% sign., percentage of significant pairwise comparisons;% Bonf., percentage of significant pairwise comparisons after Bonferroni correction; R, per gene, recombination parameter; Rm, minimum number of recombination events; D, Tajima’s neutrality value; D*, Fu and Li’s neutrality value; ZnS, Kelly’s neutrality value. Significant values in bold. *Significant when recombination was included to the coalescent simulations.

Piiroinen et al.

Piiroinen et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:13   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-13

Open Data