Table 4

Estimated variance components, heritabilities (h2), common litter effects (c2), maternal heritabilities (m2) and permanent maternal effects (n2) for head width at birth (Standard error).

Univariate

Bivariate


Not adjusted for litter size

Adjusted for litter size

(with litter size)


Vp

0.134 (0.003)

0.117 (0.003)

0.137 (0.003)


Va

0.010 (0.004)

0.013 (0.004)

0.010 (0.005)


Vm

0.005 (0.003)

0.005 (0.003)

0.003 (0.004)


Vc

0.066 (0.003)

0.050 (0.002)

0.068 (0.003)


Vn

0.008 (0.003)

0.005 (0.003)

0.009 (0.003)


h2

0.07 (0.03)

0.11 (0.03)

0.07 (0.03)


c2

0.49 (0.02)

0.43 (0.02)

0.49 (0.02)


m2

0.03 (0.02)

0.04 (0.02)

0.02 (0.03)


n2

0.06 (0.02)

0.04 (0.02)

0.06 (0.02)


Vp = phenotypic variance; Va = additive genetic variance; Vc = common litter variance; Vm = maternal genetic variance; Vn = maternal permanent environmental variance

Schroderus et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:44   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-44

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